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Institut Sophia Agrobiotech

Institut Sophia Agrobiotech

Institut Sophia Agrobiotech

UMR INRA - Univ. Nice Sophia Antipolis - Cnrs
Inra PACA
400 route des chappes
BP 167
0690 Sophia Antipolis Cedex
FRANCE
Tel. : +33(0)4 92 38 64 00
Fax : + 33(0)4 92 38 64 01

http://www.paca.inra.fr/institut-sophia-agrobiotech

BioControl

08 mars 2017

BioControl
© 2017 Springer International Publishing AG
Molecular characterization of parasitoids from armored scales infesting citrus orchards in Corsica, France

Abstract

Armored scales (Hemiptera: Diaspididae) are important pests in citrus orchards worldwide. Augmentative releases of Aphelinidae wasps (Hymenoptera) have been performed in Corsica, France to control the California Red Scale (Aonidiella aurantii (Maskell, 1879)) and the arrowhead scale (Unaspis yanonensis (Kuwana, 1923)), but biological control of armored scales requires the identification of their parasitoids to evaluate their potential as biological control agents. In order to circumvent this issue, parasitoids emerging from four armored scale species were characterized through DNA barcoding. All the parasitoids identified belong to the Aphelinidae (Hymenoptera) and included a total of five Aphytis (including A. melinus), four Encarsia (including cryptic species) and one Ablerus (hyperparasitoid) species. Host-specificity was found to be strong among primary parasitoids, with Encarsia inquirenda Silvestri, 1930 and an unidentified Encarsia being the sole taxa able to parasitize the two subfamilies (Aspidiotinae and Diaspidinae).

Keywords

Diaspididae, Armored scale, Parasitoid, DNA barcoding, Cryptic species

Correa, M.C.G., Palero, F., Dubreuil, N., Etienne, L., Hulak, M., Tison, G., Warot, S., Crochard, D., Ris, N., and Kreiter, P. (2016). Molecular characterization of parasitoids from armored scales infesting citrus orchards in Corsica, France. BioControl 61, 639–647.DOI: 10.1007/s10526-016-9752-1

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