Cell cycle control in galls provoked by root-knot nematodes involves the activity of inhibitor genes like the Arabidopsis ICK/KRP members. Ectopic KRP1, KRP2 and KRP4 expression resulted in decreases gall size by inhibiting mitotic activity, whereas KRP6 induces mitosis in galls. Herein, we investigate the role of KRP3, KRP5 and KRP7 during gall development and compared their role with previously studied members of this class of cell cycle inhibitors. Overexpression of KRP3 and KRP7resulted in undersized giant cells, with KRP3OE galls presenting peculiar elongated giant cells. Nuclei in KRP3OE and KRP5OE lines presented a convoluted and apparently connected phenotype. This appearance may be associated with the punctuated protein nuclear localization driven by specific common motifs. As well, ectopic expression of KRP3OE and KRP5OE affected nematode development and offspring. Decreased mitotic activity in galls of KRP3OE and KRP7OE lines leaded to a reduced gall size which presented distinct shapes. From more elongated like in the KRP3OEline to small rounded like the KRP7OE line. Results presented strongly support the idea that induced expression of cell cycle inhibitors such as KRP3 and KRP7 in galls can be envisaged as a conceivable strategy for nematode feeding site control in crop species attacked by phytopathogenic nematodes.
root-knot nematodes, Arabidopsis, giant cells, cell cycle inhibitors
Ramos Coelho, R., Vieira, P., Antonino de Souza Júnior, J.D., Martin-Jimenez, C., De Veylder, L., Cazareth, J., Engler, G., Grossi-de-Sa, M.F., and de Almeida Engler, J. (2017). Exploiting cell cycle inhibitor genes of the KRP family to control root-knot nematode induced feeding sites in plants. Plant, Cell & Environment.