Know more

Our use of cookies

Cookies are a set of data stored on a user’s device when the user browses a web site. The data is in a file containing an ID number, the name of the server which deposited it and, in some cases, an expiry date. We use cookies to record information about your visit, language of preference, and other parameters on the site in order to optimise your next visit and make the site even more useful to you.

To improve your experience, we use cookies to store certain browsing information and provide secure navigation, and to collect statistics with a view to improve the site’s features. For a complete list of the cookies we use, download “Ghostery”, a free plug-in for browsers which can detect, and, in some cases, block cookies.

Ghostery is available here for free: https://www.ghostery.com/fr/products/

You can also visit the CNIL web site for instructions on how to configure your browser to manage cookie storage on your device.

In the case of third-party advertising cookies, you can also visit the following site: http://www.youronlinechoices.com/fr/controler-ses-cookies/, offered by digital advertising professionals within the European Digital Advertising Alliance (EDAA). From the site, you can deny or accept the cookies used by advertising professionals who are members.

It is also possible to block certain third-party cookies directly via publishers:

Cookie type

Means of blocking

Analytical and performance cookies

Realytics
Google Analytics
Spoteffects
Optimizely

Targeted advertising cookies

DoubleClick
Mediarithmics

The following types of cookies may be used on our websites:

Mandatory cookies

Functional cookies

Social media and advertising cookies

These cookies are needed to ensure the proper functioning of the site and cannot be disabled. They help ensure a secure connection and the basic availability of our website.

These cookies allow us to analyse site use in order to measure and optimise performance. They allow us to store your sign-in information and display the different components of our website in a more coherent way.

These cookies are used by advertising agencies such as Google and by social media sites such as LinkedIn and Facebook. Among other things, they allow pages to be shared on social media, the posting of comments, and the publication (on our site or elsewhere) of ads that reflect your centres of interest.

Our EZPublish content management system (CMS) uses CAS and PHP session cookies and the New Relic cookie for monitoring purposes (IP, response times).

These cookies are deleted at the end of the browsing session (when you log off or close your browser window)

Our EZPublish content management system (CMS) uses the XiTi cookie to measure traffic. Our service provider is AT Internet. This company stores data (IPs, date and time of access, length of the visit and pages viewed) for six months.

Our EZPublish content management system (CMS) does not use this type of cookie.

For more information about the cookies we use, contact INRA’s Data Protection Officer by email at cil-dpo@inra.fr or by post at:

INRA
24, chemin de Borde Rouge –Auzeville – CS52627
31326 Castanet Tolosan CEDEX - France

Dernière mise à jour : Mai 2018

Menu Institut Sophia Agrobiotech Inra Univ. Nice Sophia Antipolis CNRS

Home page

Institut Sophia Agrobiotech

UMR INRA - Univ. Nice Sophia Antipolis - Cnrs

http://www.paca.inra.fr/institut-sophia-agrobiotech_eng/

BMC Systems Biology

01 February 2019

BMC Systems Biology
© 2019 BioMed Central Ltd unless otherwise stated. Part of Springer Nature.
How to prevent viremia rebound? Evidence from a PRRSv data-supported model of immune response

Abstract

Background

Understanding what determines the between-host variability in infection dynamics is a key issue to better control the infection spread. In particular, pathogen clearance is desirable over rebounds for the health of the infected individual and its contact group. In this context, the Porcine Respiratory and Reproductive Syndrome virus (PRRSv) is of particular interest. Numerous studies have shown that pigs similarly infected with this highly ubiquitous virus elicit diverse response profiles. Whilst some manage to clear the virus within a few weeks, others experience prolonged infection with a rebound. Despite much speculation, the underlying mechanisms responsible for this undesirable rebound phenomenon remain unclear.

Results

We aimed at identifying immune mechanisms that can reproduce and explain the rebound patterns observed in PRRSv infection using a mathematical modelling approach of the within-host dynamics. As diverse mechanisms were found to influence PRRSv infection, we established a model that details the major mechanisms and their regulations at the between-cell scale. We developed an ABC-like optimisation method to fit our model to an extensive set of experimental data, consisting of non-rebounder and rebounder viremia profiles. We compared, between both profiles, the estimated parameter values, the resulting immune dynamics and the efficacies of the underlying immune mechanisms. Exploring the influence of these mechanisms, we showed that rebound was promoted by high apoptosis, high cell infection and low cytolysis by Cytotoxic T Lymphocytes, while increasing neutralisation was very efficient to prevent rebounds.

Conclusions

Our paper provides an original model of the immune response and an appropriate systematic fitting method, whose interest extends beyond PRRS infection. It gives the first mechanistic explanation for emergence of rebounds during PRRSv infection. Moreover, results suggest that vaccines or genetic selection promoting strong neutralising and cytolytic responses, ideally associated with low apoptotic activity and cell permissiveness, would prevent rebound.

Keywords

  • Immunological model
  • ABC-like optimisation method
  • Rebounder viremia profile
  • PRRSv

Go, N., Touzeau, S., Islam, Z., Belloc, C., and Doeschl-Wilson, A. (2019). How to prevent viremia rebound? Evidence from a PRRSv data-supported model of immune response. BMC Systems Biology 13, 15. DOI: 10.1186/s12918-018-0666-7

Site : View online >>